5 Simple Steps to Composting

Green Iglu

March 15, 2024

Cut the Waste; Grow the Future

You might be familiar with the concept of "breaking fully in order to rebuild fully".

The phrase highlights the notion that sometimes, even at our lowest times, the opportunity to start again from scratch may allow us to reach higher ground or new levels of success. In the same way, sometimes beautiful things can come from the ugliest materials or, dare I say, decomposing materials. This prologue is really just a segue into a much simpler concept that follows the same framework…

Allow me to introduce you to composting!

Composting has been around for hundreds of years; originally, it was discovered when civilization began to move towards a more pastoral lifestyle, where people began to grow their food and tend to livestock. The people of the time quickly realized that when manure was added to the soil used to grow crops, the yield was better as it acted as fertilizer for the soil. This eventually led to the intentional use of manure when growing crops and has since become a consistent practice in the farming industry. It is safe to assume that most of us do not grow chickens or cattle in our backyards, so manure may be hard to come by. Instead, you can try creating your very own compost at home!

Composting is the natural process of the breakdown of organic materials with the help of tiny organisms found in soil, ultimately creating a product that releases nutrients slowly, therefore enhancing the soil's biochemical and physical characteristics as well as its nutrient status.

5 steps to a simple backyard compost:

  1. Find a bucket or bin (size of your choice).
  2. Drill several small holes in the bottom of the bucket/bin as well as the lid.
  3. Add a bed of dry leaves to the bottom of the bin/ bucket, followed by some soil and any of your compostable food scraps.
  4. Add some water and give your concoction a mix.
  5. Allow it to sit in a nice sunny place. You can add food scraps to it once a week and give it a stir. In about four months - a year, your compost will be ready to use as fertilizer.


  • Compostable food scraps include fruit scraps, vegetable scraps, ground coffee, eggshells, grass and plant clippings, dry leaves, and shredded paper/newspaper.
  • Non-compostable food scraps include meat and fish scraps, dairy, oils and fats, and dog or cat waste.

Composting is a great way to reduce household food waste and ultimately reduce greenhouse gas emissions contributing to climate change. Composting is a fun, simple, and easy way to reduce household food waste. It can be your way of doing your part to make our world healthier and happier for generations to come.

Written by Mabel Varughese

Mabel is a a third-year Nutrition and Food Student at Toronto Metropolitan University. Her journey has been fuelled by a deep love for exploring diverse cuisines, cultures, and traditions. She loves connecting with people from different walks of life and learning about different ways of living. With aspirations to become a Registered Dietitian post-undergrad, Mabel is committed to blending her passion for sustainable practices with her love for food. Together, Mabel aims to foster a healthier planet by encouraging others to embrace nutritious and environmentally friendly eating habits that nourish both the body and the planet!

Contact Us

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Have a Question?

Green Iglu is a not-for-profit organization that launched in 2013 and became a registered charity in 2019. We build greenhouse infrastructure and offer remote communities tailored training that embraces culture, working towards food sovereignty in Canada. Be sure to check out our FAQ page to see if we have answered any of your questions.

As seen on

Get In Touch

5th Ave, Arviat, NU X0C, Canada

Sign up to newsletter

Sign up with your email address to receive updates and quarterly newsletters!
Follow Us
Green Iglu recognizes that our Red Deer office is situated on Treaty 7 land, the traditional territory of the Blackfoot, Tsuu T’ina and Stoney Nakoda peoples. The region also falls under Treaty 6, traditional Métis, Cree and Saulteaux territory. We are also grateful to be invited to other territories with their own jurisdictions.
79901 5474 RR0001
© 2024 Green Iglu. All rights reserved.
cross linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram